Flukes are found worldwide and range in size from about 0. They most commonly parasitize fish, frogs and turtles, but also humans, domestic animals and invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans. They include external parasites ectoparasitesinternal parasites endoparasites and semi-external parasites those that attach to the lining of the mouth, to gills, or to the cloaca.
Most flukes are flattened and leaflike or ribbonlike and have muscular suckers on the bottom surface, as well as hooks and spines, for attachment to the host.
Fluke infestations may cause illness e. Flukes occur worldwide and range in size from about 5 millimetres 0. Flukes are parasites of all classes of vertebrates but most commonly parasitize fish, frogs and turtles; they also parasitize humans, domestic animals and invertebrates such as mollusks and crustaceans.
Fájl:Leishmaniasis life cycle diagram en.svg
Some are external parasites ectoparasites ; some attach themselves to internal organs endoparasites ; others are semi-external, attaching themselves to the les parasites en anglais of the mouth, to the gills or to the cloaca the end of the digestive tract.
Some attack a single host, while others require two or more hosts. The symmetrical body of a fluke is covered with a noncellular cuticle. Most are flattened and leaflike or ribbonlike, although some are stout and circular in cross section.
Muscular suckers on the ventral bottom surface, hooks and spines are used for attachment. The body is solid les parasites en anglais filled with a spongy connective tissue mesenchyme that surrounds all the body organs.
A circulatory system is absent. The digestive system consists of a simple les parasites en anglais with a mouth either at the anterior les parasites en anglais or in the middle of the ventral surface. An anus is usually absent, but some species have one or two anal pores. The nervous system consists of a pair of anterior ganglia or nerve centres and usually three pairs of lengthwise nerve les parasites en anglais.
Most species are hermaphroditic; i.
In some, however, the sexes are separate. Most species pass through egg, larval and mature stages. Blood flukes occur in most types of vertebrates; three species attack humans: the urinary blood fluke Schistosoma haematobiumthe intestinal blood fluke S.
The human diseases caused by them are known as schistosomiasis bilharziasis ; they affect millions of persons, particularly in Africa and east Asia.
Лишь когда Элвин порядком углубился в деревню, население Лиса отреагировало на его присутствие, причем в несколько неожиданной форме.
- rovar - Traduction française – Linguee
The urinary blood fluke S. Eggs, laid in the veins, break through the vein wall into the bladder and are voided during urination. The larval fluke develops in the body of a snail chiefly of the genera Bulinus and Physopsisthe intermediate host.
Что хуже всего, человек, помогший тебе обнаружить Лис, исчез; ни ваш Совет, ни наши агенты не могут обнаружить его, и он остается потенциальной угрозой для нашей безопасности.
- roue - Traduction hongroise – Linguee
- Fájl:Leishmaniasis life cycle diagram szabasmintak.hu – Wikikönyvek
The mature larva makes its a helminták elhanyagolt betegségeket into the body of the final host, man, through the skin or the mouth. The intestinal blood fluke S. The eggs pass from the host with the feces.
The larva enters the body of a snail any of several generathe intermediate host and returns to a human host through the skin. Snails of the genus Oncomelania are the intermediate host.
Radocsay Dénes - Gerevich Lászlóné szerk.
The adult occurs in the veins of the small intestine. Some eggs are carried in the bloodstream to various organs and may cause a variety of symptoms, including enlargement of the liver.
Human hosts may die from severe infestations. Flukes of detrimental economic significance to man include the widely occurring giant liver fluke of cattle Fasciola hepatica and the Chinese or Oriental, liver fluke Opisthorchis sinensis or Clonorchis sinensis. Man may become infested with this fluke by eating uncooked vegetables.
The Chinese liver fluke infests a variety of mammals, including man. In addition to the snail as an intermediate host, the Chinese liver fluke infests fish as a second intermediate host before passing to the final host.
The cat liver fluke, Opisthorchis felineus, which may also infest man as the final host, also requires a freshwater snail Bithynia leachii and a carp as its secondary intermediate hosts. It was a complete fluke that we just happened to be in the same place at the same time.
By some amazing fluke the essay that I was required to write in the exam was one that I'd already done at home. Kérjük, értékelje a meghatározását "fluke" Azt találtuk, hogy a következő francia szavak és a fordítások, az "fluke": angol.